WORLD
ANTIMICROBIAL
AWARENESS

WEEK 2021

November 18th-24th

THE POWER IS IN OUR HANDS

#STOPSUPERBUGS

BE A HERO TODAY TO HELP SAVE LIVES

A continued rise in Antimicrobial resistance could take
10 million lives globally
each year by 2050*

*Review on Antimicrobial Resistance. Tackling drug-resistant infections globally: final report and recommendations. May 2016. Available at: https://amr-review.org/sites/default/files/160525_Final%20paper_with%20cover.pdf Last accessed July 2021.

Meet the Superbugs

Superbugs are strains of bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites resistant to many antimicrobials.* You may not know them by name, but you might know some of the infections they can cause.

*Mayo Clinic. 2021. Protect yourself from superbugs. [online] Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/infectious-diseases/expert-answers/superbugs/faq-20129283 [Accessed November 2021].
Aspergillus fumigatus

Aspergillus fumigatus

Also called:

A. Fumigatus

Say it:

AS-per-gill-us fu-MI-ga-tus

Shape:

Dandelion3

Year identified:

18634

About:

Invasive aspergillosis is a severe and progressive disease occurring profoundly in people with weakened immune systems.1 Mortality rates are very high; up to 88%.2

Potential threats include:

Infection typically manifests in the lungs as invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, before spreading to other organs.5

One way to fight this superbug:

Ensure immunocompromised patients are placed in protected environments to reduce mold exposure.6

PP-AIP-IRL-0322
Date of preparation: November 2021

1. Bongomin F, Harris C, Foden P, Kosmidis C, Denning DW. Innate and adaptive immune defects in chronic pulmonary aspergillosis. J Fungi. 2017;3:E26. 2. Lin SJ, Schranz J, Teutsch SM. Aspergillosis case-fatality rate: systematic review of the literature. Clin Infect Dis. 2001;32:358-366. 3. Pitt JI. Aspergillus and related teleomorphs. Fungi and Food Spoilage, 3rd edition. New York: Springer, 2009;275-337. 4. Schmidt A, Schmidt DI. J.B. Georg W. Fresenius and the description of the species Aspergillus fumigatus in 1863. Contrib Microbiol. 1999;2:1-4. 5. Khan SA. Antifungal therapy for invasive aspergillosis. US Pharm. 2013;38:HS2-HS5. 6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Invasive mold infections in immunocompromised people. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/mold/invasive-mold-infections.htm. Last accessed July 2021.

Myths and Facts About Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)

Whilst public awareness of AMR is increasing, there are still several common misconceptions around the nature of AMR and the use of antibiotics, including:

1.

Antibiotics are effective against all infections

Antibiotics are medicines that can kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria to cure infections in people, animals and sometimes plants. Antibiotics are only needed for treating infections caused by bacteria. Not all antibiotics are active against all bacteria. Antibiotics only work on pathogens that are sensitive to them, and pathogens are increasingly becoming resistant to common therapies. Antibiotics do not work on viruses, such as those that cause colds or the flu.1,2

2.

AMR occurs when the body becomes resistant to antibiotics

It is actually the bacteria themselves that can develop resistance to standard treatment, not the human body.3 These bacteria can then spread to other people and cause infections.2

3.

It is good practice to stop taking antibiotics as soon as I feel better, to minimise the risk of resistance

It is important to follow the advice of your healthcare professional and to continue to take the course of antibiotics for as long as directed by them.4,5,8

4.

Antibiotic resistance is only a problem for people who take antibiotics frequently

Although closely following instructions for antibiotic use does decrease your risk, anyone can become infected by multi-drug resistant bacteria. This is because the bacteria or pathogens change and find ways to resist the effects of antibiotics. This process of adaptation leads to antimicrobial resistance.5

5.

There isn’t anything I can do to stop the spread of AMR

Everyone has a role to play in combatting AMR, from industry to policymakers to the general public. You can personally help advance efforts against resistance by only taking antibiotics when needed, keeping up to date with vaccinations, and always taking antibiotics exactly as prescribed by your healthcare professional.5,6

6.

I live in a country where AMR is not a great concern, and so I do not have to worry

Globalization has increased the spread of AMR, so it is an issue no matter where you live.7

7.

Vaccinations do not help prevent the spread of AMR

You can take an active role in the prevention of AMR by keeping vaccinations up to date for you and your family.5 Experts agree that vaccines play a vital role in the arsenal to address AMR. Vaccines are administered to help prevent infections from happening in the first place, which naturally leads to reducing the use of antibiotics.6

8.

There is no issue with taking antibiotics that have been prescribed for someone else

Patients are prescribed antibiotics for particular infections, and therefore an antibiotic prescribed for one person may not work for someone else.9 You should visit your primary care doctor if you feel unwell so that, if it is appropriate, they can prescribe medication.

1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Be Antibiotics Aware: Smart Use, Best Care. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/patientsafety/features/be-antibiotics-aware.html. Last accessed August 2021. 2. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Factsheet for the General Public - Antimicrobial Resistance. Available at: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/antimicrobial-resistance/facts/factsheets/general-public. Last accessed August 2021. 3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. About Antimicrobial Resistance. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/about.html. Last accessed August 2021. 4. National Health Service (NHS). Overview: Antibiotics. Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/antibiotics/. Last accessed August 2021. 5. World Health Organization (WHO). Antibiotic resistance: key facts, 31 July 2020. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/antibiotic-resistance Last accessed August 2021. 6. Jansen KU, Anderson AS. The role of vaccines in fighting antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2018;14:2142-2149. 7. Antimicrobial Resistance: Policy Insights. OECD. Available at: https://www.oecd.org/health/health-systems/AMR-Policy-Insights-November2016.pdf. Last accessed August 2021. 8. WHO Europe. How to reduce the spread of antibiotic resistance. Available at: https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/antimicrobial-resistance/news/news/2012/11/antibiotic-resistance-a-growing-threat/how-to-reduce-the-spread-of-antibiotic-resistance Last accessed November 2021 9. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Antibiotic Prescribing and Use: Antibiotic Do’s and Don’ts. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/antibiotic-use/do-and-dont.html Last accessed November 2021

Facebook Filter

Pfizer's Stop Bugging Me Facebook Filter Effect

#STOPSUPERBUGS

Let's spread the message about Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) and try out our special Facebook Filter Effect today! See if you're able to spot the bugs and make them disappear. The power is in your hands. You can also take a selfie and share them on your profiles!

Simply scan the QR code or click here and you'll be directed to the Filter Effect. The power is in your hands.
MRSA